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SCH4U outline

Bright Future Academy

4433 Sheppard Avenue East, 2nd Floor, Room 202

Toronto, Ontario M1S 1V3

SCH4U - Chemistry

COURSE OUTLINE

Course Title: Chemistry
Course Code: SCH4U
Grade: 12
Course Type: University Preparation
Credit Value: 1
Prerequisite: SCH3U
Curriculum Policy Document: Science, The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12, 2008 (Revised)
Text: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, Chemistry 12,
© 2011 ISBN-13: 9780071060103

Department: Science
Course Developer: Alice Kou
Development Date: May 2013

Course Description:

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of organic chemistry, energy changes and rates of reaction, chemical systems and equilibrium, electrochemistry, and atomic and molecular structure. Students will further develop problem-solving and laboratory skills as they investigate chemical processes, at the same time refining their ability to communicate scientific information. Emphasis will be placed on the importance of chemistry in daily life, and on evaluating the impact of chemical technology on the environment.

Overall Expectations: SCH4U

By the end of this course, students will:

Scientific Investigation Skills and Career Exploration

Overall Expectations

demonstrate scientific investigation skills (related to both inquiry and research) in the four areas of skills (initiating and planning, performing and recording, analysing and interpreting, and communicating);

identify and describe a variety of careers related to the fields of science under study, and identify scientists, including Canadians, who have made contributions to those fields.

Organic Chemistry

Overall Expectations

assess the social and environmental impact of organic compounds used in everyday life, and propose a course of action to reduce the use of compounds that are harmful to human health and the environment;

investigate organic compounds and organic chemical reactions, and use various methods to represent the compounds;

demonstrate an understanding of the structure, properties, and chemical behaviour of compounds within each class of organic compounds.

Structure and Properties of Matter

Overall Expectations

assess the benefits to society and evaluate the environmental impact of products and technologies that apply principles related to the structure and properties of matter;

investigate the molecular shapes and physical properties of various types of matter;

demonstrate an understanding of atomic structure and chemical bonding, and how they relate to the physical properties of ionic, molecular, covalent network, and metallic substances.

Energy Changes and Rates of Reaction

Overall Expectations

analyse technologies and chemical processes that are based on energy changes, and evaluate them in terms of their efficiency and their effects on the environment;

investigate and analyse energy changes and rates of reaction in physical and chemical processes, and solve related problems;

demonstrate an understanding of energy changes and rates of reaction.

Chemical Systems and Equilibrium

Overall Expectations

analyse chemical equilibrium processes, and assess their impact on biological, biochemical, and technological systems;

investigate the qualitative and quantitative nature of chemical systems at equilibrium, and solve related problems;

demonstrate an understanding of the concept of dynamic equilibrium and the variables that cause shifts in the equilibrium of chemical systems.

Electrochemistry

Overall Expectations

analyse technologies and processes relating to electrochemistry, and their implications for society, health and safety, and the environment;

investigate oxidation-reduction reactions using a galvanic cell, and analyse electrochemical reactions in qualitative and quantitative terms;

demonstrate an understanding of the principles of oxidation-reduction reactions and the many practical applications of electrochemistry.

 

Unit details:

 

Unit

Titles and Descriptions

Time and Sequence

Unit 1

Review of Basic Chemistry

The purpose of this unit is to ensure that students have the necessary analytical, mathematic and communication skills necessary for success in this course. Review from prior courses, including nomenclature, the mole, types of reactions, and mathematical calculation and prediction of reaction products and reactants are surveyed.

8 hours

Unit 2

Organic Chemistry

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the structure, properties and chemical behaviour of compounds within each class of organic compounds. They will investigate organic compounds and organic chemical reactions, and represent the compounds in various ways. They will assess the social and environmental impact of organic compounds used in everyday life, and develop action plans to reduce the use of compounds that are harmful to humans and the environment.

20 hours

Unit 3

Structure and Properties of Matter

Students will demonstrate an understanding of atomic structure and chemical bonding, and how they relate to the physical properties of ionic, molecular, covalent network, and metallic substances. They will investigate the molecular shapes and physical properties of various types of matter. They will assess the benefits to society and evaluate the environmental impact of products and technologies that apply principles related to the structure of properties of matter.

20 hours

Unit 4

Energy Changes and Rates of Reactions

Students will demonstrate an understanding of energy changes and rates of reaction. They will investigate and analyse energy changes and rates of reaction in physical and chemical processes, and solve related problems. They will analyse technologies and chemical processes that area based on energy changes, and evaluate them in terms of their efficiency and their effects on the environment.

20 hours

Unit 5

Chemical Systems and Equilibrium

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the concept of dynamic equilibrium and the variables that cause shifts in the equilibrium of chemical systems. They will investigate the qualitative and quantitative nature of chemical systems at equilibrium, and solve related problems. They will analyse chemical equilibrium processes, and assess their impact on biological, biochemical and technological systems.

20 hours

Unit 6

Electrochemistry

Students will demonstrate an understanding of the principles of oxidation-reduction reactions and the many practical applications of electrochemistry. They will investigate redox reactions using a galvanic cell, and analyse electrochemical reactions in qualitative and quantitative terms. They will analyse technologies and processes relating to electrochemistry, and their implications for society, heath and safety, and the environment.

20 hours

 

Final Evaluation

A two hour final exam, culminating activity, worth 15% of the final grade, meant as a summative evaluation of all strands, will be administered at the end of the course.

2 hours

 

Total

110 hours

Teaching / Learning Strategies:

Students will follow a similar pattern of instructions in all units. To begin students will be involved in the exploration of an investigation of a concept. Then they will apply what they have learned in several real life scenarios or applications of the concept. Students will see solutions to applications after they try to solve them for themselves. Then students will complete assignments where no solutions are provided and submit these for assessment. Finally the unit ends with a test or other suitable assessment of learning such as projects. A wide variety of instructional strategies are used to provide learning opportunities to accommodate a variety of learning styles, interests and ability levels. At the same time, in the classroom, instructors employ the following teaching strategies for the course:

  • Well-presented, clear writing and helpful graphics and diagrams
  • Hands-on laboratory activities
  • Research project assignments, with direct instruction and coaching
  • Interactive activities that engage both the student and teacher in subject

Assessment and Evaluation Strategies of Student Performance:

Assessment is the process of gathering information that accurately reflects how well a student is achieving the curriculum expectations in a subject or course. The primary purpose of assessment is to improve student learning. Assessment for the purpose of improving student learning is seen as both “assessment for learning” and “assessment as learning”. As part of assessment for learning, teachers provide students with descriptive feedback and coaching for improvement. Teachers engage in assessment as learning by helping all students develop their capacity to be independent, autonomous learners who are able to set individual goals, monitor their own progress, determine next steps, and reflect on their thinking and learning.

 

Teachers will obtain assessment information through a variety of means, which may include formal and informal observations, discussions, learning conversations, questioning, conferences, homework, tasks done in groups, demonstrations, projects, portfolios, developmental continua, performances, peer and self-assessments, self-reflections, essays, and tests.

 

As essential steps in assessment for learning and as learning, teachers need to:

• plan assessment concurrently and integrate it seamlessly with instruction;

• share learning goals and success criteria with students at the outset of learning to ensure that students and teachers have a common and shared understanding of these goals and criteria as learning progresses;

• gather information about student learning before, during, and at or near the end of a period of instruction, using a variety of assessment strategies and tools;

• use assessment to inform instruction, guide next steps, and help students monitor their progress towards achieving their learning goals;

• analyse and interpret evidence of learning;

• give and receive specific and timely descriptive feedback about student learning;

• help students to develop skills of peer and self-assessment.

 

Teachers will also ensure that they assess students’ development of learning skills and work habits, using the assessment approaches described above to gather information and provide feedback to students.

The Final Grade:

The evaluation for this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations and the demonstrated skills required for effective learning. The percentage grade represents the quality of the student's overall achievement of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. A credit is granted and recorded for this course if the student's grade is 50% or higher. The final grade for this course will be determined as follows:

  • 70% of the grade will be based upon evaluations and assessments of learning conducted throughout the course. This portion of the grade will reflect the student's most consistent level of achievement throughout the course, although special consideration will be given to more recent evidence of achievement. All assessments of learning will be based on evaluations developed from the four categories of the Achievement Chart for the course.

 

  • 30% of the grade will be based on a final evaluation administered at the end of the course and may be comprised of one or more strategies including tests and projects.. This final evaluation will be based on an evaluation developed from all four categories of the Achievement Chart for the course and of expectations from all units of the course. The weighting of the four categories of the Achievement Chart for the entire course including the final evaluation will be as follows.

 

Knowledge & Understanding

Thinking, Inquiry & Problem Solving

Application

Communication

30%

25%

25%

20%

Evaluation:

Assessment of Learning through the course:

Unit tests 35%, Quizzes 15% + Labs/Assignments 20% = 70 %

Final Evaluation:

Final examination 15% + final assignment/project 15% = 30%

 

The Report Card:

The report card will focus on two distinct but related aspects of student achievement; the achievement of curriculum expectations and the development of learning skills. The report card will contain separate sections for the reporting of these two aspects.

A Summary Description of Achievement in Each Percentage Grade Range
and Corresponding Level of Achievement

Percentage Grade Range

Achievement Level

Summary Description

80-100%

Level 4

A very high to outstanding level of achievement. Achievement is above the provincial standard.

70-79%

Level 3

A high level of achievement. Achievement is at the provincial standard.

60-69%

Level 2

A moderate level of achievement. Achievement is below, but approaching, the provincial standard.

50-59%

Level 1

A passable level of achievement. Achievement is below the provincial standard.

below 50%

Level R

Insufficient achievement of curriculum expectations. A credit will not be granted.

Program Planning Considerations for Science:

Teachers planning a program in Science must take into account considerations in a number of important areas. Essential information that pertains to all disciplines is provided in the companion piece to this document. The areas of concern to all teachers include the following:

  • Instructional Approaches
  • Health and Safety in Science
  • Program Considerations for English Language Learners
  • Environmental Education
  • Critical Thinking and Critical Literacy in Science
  • Literacy, Mathematical Literacy, and Investigation (Inquiry/Research) Skills
  • The Role of Information and Communications Technology in Science
  • Career Education

Considerations relating to the areas listed above that have particular relevance for program planning in Science.

Instructional Approaches. Students bring to the classroom a natural curiosity as well as individual interests and abilities within their diverse personal and cultural experiences. Effective instructional approaches in Science draws upon their prior knowledge, captures their interest and encourages meaningful practice especially when the student sees a connection between wheat they are learning and their real-world application. Students are provided with opportunities to learn in a variety of ways. From a solid understanding of scientific concepts, the scientific method is employed to enable the student to investigate their world. The context for all learning in Science comes from the Relating Science to Technology, Society and the Environment (STSE) expectations.

Health and Safety in Science. The Science program provides the reading and analytical skills for the student to be able to explore the variety of concepts relating to health and safety in the workplace. Teachers who provide support for students in workplace learning placements need to assess placements for safety and ensure that students can read and understand the importance of issues relating to health and safety in the workplace. Teachers must also ensure that students have the knowledge and skills for safe participation in science activities.

Program Considerations for English Language Learners. Teachers will find positive ways to incorporate the diversity among the students into the online classroom environment. This Science course can provide a wide range of options to address the needs of ESL/ELD students. ESL programs are for students born in Canada or new comers whose first language is not English. ELD programs are for newcomers whose first language is not English. Assessment and evaluation exercises will help ESL students in mastering the English language and all of its idiosyncrasies. In addition, since all occupations require employees with a wide range of English skills and abilities, many students will learn how the operation of their own physical world can contribute to their success in their social world.

Environmental Education. The increased emphasis on relating science to technology, society, and the environment (STSE) provides numerous opportunities for teachers to integrate environmental education effectively into this science course.

Critical Thinking and Critical Literacy in Science. Teachers plan science programs to promote critical thinking skills such as questioning, predicting, hypothesizing, analysing, synthesizing, examining opinions, identifying values and issues, detecting bias, and distinguishing between alternatives. As students work to achieve the STSE expectations, they are frequently asked to identify the implications of an action, activity, or process. In addition as students develop the skills of scientific investigation (inquiry/research skills), students are given the opportunity to ask appropriate questions to frame their research, interpret information, and detect bias. These learning activities would equip students with the skills to assess, analyze, and/or evaluate the impact of something on society and the environment.

Literacy, Mathematical Literacy, and Investigation (Inquiry/Research) Skills. Teachers plan science courses so that literacy, mathematical literacy, and investigation skills which are critical to students' success in all school subjects and in all areas of their lives, become integrated into the courses. To help students construct meaning from scientific texts, the science teachers model and teach the strategies that support learning to read while students are reading to learn in science. The science program builds on, reinforces, and enhances mathematical literacy. Students will also learn how to locate relevant information in a variety of print and electronic sources.

The Role of Information and Communications Technology in Science. Information technology is considered a learning tool that must be accessed by science students when the situation is appropriate. As a result, students will develop transferable skills through their experience with word processing, internet research, presentation software, and telecommunication tools, as would be expected in any environment.

Career Education. Science definitely helps prepare students for employment in a huge number of diverse areas. The skills, knowledge and creativity that students acquire through this course are essential for a wide range of careers. Being able to express oneself in a clear concise manner without ambiguity, solve problems, make connections between this Science course and the larger world, etc., would be an overall intention of this Science course, as it helps students prepare for success in their working lives.

 

Resources:

McGraw-Hill Ryerson, Chemistry 12, © 2011 ISBN-13: 9780071060103

Nelson Education Ltd., Nelson Chemistry 12 University Preparation, © 2012

ISBN-13: 9780176520618

Access to a scanner or digital camera

For the virtual chemistry labs: www.explorelearning.com