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SCH3U outline

Bright Future Academy

4433 Sheppard Avenue East, 2nd Floor, Room 202

Toronto, Ontario M1S 1V3

SCH3U - Chemistry


Course Title: Chemistry
Course Code: SCH3U
Grade: 11
Course Type: University Preparation
Credit Value: 1
Prerequisite: SNC2D
Curriculum Policy Document: Science, The Ontario Curriculum, Grades 11 and 12, 2008 (Revised)
Text: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Chemistry 11, McGraw-Hill Ryerson © 2011.
ISBN-13: 9780070915756

Department: Science
Course Developer: Paramjit Bajwa
Development Date: May 2013

Course Description:

This course enables students to deepen their understanding of chemistry through the study of the properties of chemicals and chemical bonds; chemical reactions and quantitative relationships in those reactions; solutions and solubility; and atmospheric chemistry and the behaviour of gases. Students will further develop their analytical skills and investigate the qualitative and quantitative properties of matter, as well as the impact of some common chemical reactions on society and the environment.

Overall Expectations: SCH3U

By the end of this course, students will:

Scientific Investigation Skills and Career Exploration

Overall Expectations

demonstrate scientific investigation skills (related to both inquiry and research) in the four areas of skills (initiating and planning, performing and recording, analysing and interpreting, and communicating);

identify and describe careers related to the fields of science under study, and describe the contributions of scientists, including Canadians, to those fields.

Matter, Chemical Trends, and Chemical Bonding

Overall Expectations

analyse the properties of commonly used chemical substances and their effects on human health and the environment, and propose ways to lessen their impact;

investigate physical and chemical properties of elements and compounds, and use various methods to visually represent them;

demonstrate an understanding of periodic trends in the periodic table and how elements combine to form chemical bonds.

Chemical Reactions

Overall Expectations

analyse chemical reactions used in a variety of applications, and assess their impact on society and the environment;

investigate different types of chemical reactions;

demonstrate an understanding of the different types of chemical reactions.

Quantities in Chemical Reactions

Overall Expectations

analyse processes in the home, the workplace, and the environmental sector that use chemical quantities and calculations, and assess the importance of quantitative accuracy in industrial chemical processes;

investigate quantitative relationships in chemical reactions, and solve related problems;

demonstrate an understanding of the mole concept and its significance to the quantitative analysis of chemical reactions.

Solutions and Solubility

Overall Expectations

analyse the origins and effects of water pollution, and a variety of economic, social, and environmental issues related to drinking water;

investigate qualitative and quantitative properties of solutions, and solve related problems;

demonstrate an understanding of qualitative and quantitative properties of solutions.

Gases and Atmospheric Chemistry

Overall Expectations

analyse the cumulative effects of human activities and technologies on air quality, and describe some Canadian initiatives to reduce air pollution, including ways to reduce their own carbon footprint;

investigate gas laws that explain the behaviour of gases, and solve related problems;

demonstrate an understanding of the laws that explain the behaviour of gases.



Unit details:


Titles and Descriptions

Time and Sequence

Unit 1

Matter, Chemical Trends, and Chemical Bonding

Building on knowledge of atoms and elements gained in earlier grades, students will explore the subatomic properties of elements and the mechanisms by which a limited number of elements combine to become an enormous variety of stable compounds. Students will use empirical data and atomic theory to explain trends in the periodic table as well as the nature of ionic and covalent bonds.

27 hours

This unit should be completed first.

Unit 2

Chemical Reactions

Having understood the nature of covalent bonding in some detail, students will start using two specific bonds - carbon-carbon, and carbon-hydrogen - to conceptually model chemical reactions such as combustion. The combustion of hydrocarbons is a reaction that is relatively straight-forward, so it is used to further model quantitative chemistry - the use of moles to describe numbers of molecules, the calculation of molar rations, the prediction of the quantities of products after a reaction has taken place, and so forth. Along the way, students will explore some of the technological and environmental considerations that are important to carbon chemistry. By the end of the unit, quantitative chemistry will be applied to a range of organic and inorganic contexts.

27 hours

This unit should be completed after Unit 1.

Unit 3

Gases and Atmospheric Chemistry

The study of gases has been a long concern of physical chemists: in fact, much of our knowledge of atomic structure and our calculations in quantitative chemistry have their roots in classic experiments on gases. These experiments will be explored, along with the mathematical formulae that they helped us to derive. Having acquired a strong understanding of the concept of molar ratios, students will use these calculations to solve a variety of problems involving the gaseous state. In this unit, students will also be introduced to the concepts of pressure and kinetic molecular theory. Technological and environmental considerations will be studied through guided independent work.

27 hours

This unit should be completed after Unit 2.

Unit 4

Solutions and Solubility

With foundations in different types of bonding, quantitative chemistry, and kinetic molecular theory, students are now ready to investigate problems involving solutions, solubility, and the elec tronic basis of pH. At this level, all of these studies have at their root a strong requirement for skillful stoichiometry - the understanding of how chemical equations balance in "real life". From the context of investigating variable solubility of polyatomic salts, different types of reaction will be explicitly classified and described. This will lead to a discussion of the activity series of metals, which ties back to the discussion near the beginning of the course about periodic table trends.

27 hours

This unit should be completed after Unit 3.


Final Summative Evaluation (Final Exam)

The final exam is designed to evaluate the mastery of expectations from without the course. The course is designed partially to help students see how aspects of chemistry that are currently being taught relate to aspects of chemistry that were covered in earlier parts of the course. The final exam reflects this goal of integrating knowledge.

2 hours

Students must submit all term work before attempting the exam.


Final Examination

The final assessment task will be a two hour proctored final examination worth 15% of the student’s final mark

2 hours



110 hours


Teaching / Learning Strategies:

The aim of this course is to help students learn science and apply their knowledge and skills. Effective instructional approaches and learning activities draw on students' prior knowledge, capture their interest, and encourage meaningful practice. Students will be engaged when they are able to see the connection between the scientific concepts they are learning and their application in the world around them and in real-life situations. Teachers will provide activities and challenges that actively engage students in inquiries that honour the ideas and skills students bring to them, while further deepening their conceptual understandings and essential skills. Understanding of big ideas will enable and encourage students to use scientific thinking throughout their lives. As well, contextualized teaching and learning provides teachers with useful insights into their students' thinking, their understanding of concepts, and their ability to reflect on what they have done. This insight allows teachers to provide supports to help enhance students' learning. A wide variety of instructional strategies are used to provide learning opportunities to accommodate a variety of learning styles, interests and ability levels. Students will have opportunities to complete assignments where no solutions are provided and submit these for assessment. Finally the unit ends with a test or other suitable assessment of learning such as projects.

Other strategies used include; Guided Exploration, Problem Solving, Graphing, Visuals, Direct Instruction, Independent Reading, Independent Study, Ideal Problem Solving, Model analysis, , Graphing Applications, and Problem Posing.

Assessment and Evaluation Strategies of Student Performance:

Assessment is the process of gathering information that accurately reflects how well a student is achieving the curriculum expectations in a subject or course. The primary purpose of assessment is to improve student learning. Assessment for the purpose of improving student learning is seen as both “assessment for learning” and “assessment as learning”. As part of assessment for learning, teachers provide students with descriptive feedback and coaching for improvement. Teachers engage in assessment as learning by helping all students develop their capacity to be independent, autonomous learners who are able to set individual goals, monitor their own progress, determine next steps, and reflect on their thinking and learning.


Teachers will obtain assessment information through a variety of means, which may include formal and informal observations, discussions, learning conversations, questioning, conferences, homework, tasks done in groups, demonstrations, projects, portfolios, developmental continua, performances, peer and self-assessments, self-reflections, essays, and tests.


As essential steps in assessment for learning and as learning, teachers need to:

• plan assessment concurrently and integrate it seamlessly with instruction;

• share learning goals and success criteria with students at the outset of learning to ensure that students and teachers have a common and shared understanding of these goals and criteria as learning progresses;

• gather information about student learning before, during, and at or near the end of a period of instruction, using a variety of assessment strategies and tools;

• use assessment to inform instruction, guide next steps, and help students monitor their progress towards achieving their learning goals;

• analyse and interpret evidence of learning;

• give and receive specific and timely descriptive feedback about student learning;

• help students to develop skills of peer and self-assessment.


Teachers will also ensure that they assess students’ development of learning skills and work habits, using the assessment approaches described above to gather information and provide feedback to students.

The Final Grade:

The evaluation for this course is based on the student's achievement of curriculum expectations and the demonstrated skills required for effective learning. The percentage grade represents the quality of the student's overall achievement of the expectations for the course and reflects the corresponding level of achievement as described in the achievement chart for the discipline. A credit is granted and recorded for this course if the student's grade is 50% or higher. The final grade for this course will be determined as follows:

  • 70% of the grade will be based upon evaluations and assessments of learning conducted throughout the course. This portion of the grade will reflect the student's most consistent level of achievement throughout the course, although special consideration will be given to more recent evidence of achievement. All assessments of learning will be based on evaluations developed from the four categories of the Achievement Chart for the course.


  • 30% of the grade will be based on a final evaluation administered at the end of the course and may be comprised of one or more strategies including tests and projects.This final evaluation will be based on an evaluation developed from all four categories of the Achievement Chart for the course and of expectations from all units of the course. The weighting of the four categories of the Achievement Chart for the entire course including the final evaluation will be as follows.


Knowledge & Understanding

Thinking, Inquiry & Problem Solving










Assessment of Learning through the course:

Unit tests 35%, Quizzes 15% + Labs/Assignments 20% = 70 %

Final Evaluation:

Final examination 15% + final assignment/project 15% = 30%

The Report Card:

The report card will focus on two distinct but related aspects of student achievement; the achievement of curriculum expectations and the development of learning skills. The report card will contain separate sections for the reporting of these two aspects.

A Summary Description of Achievement in Each Percentage Grade Range
and Corresponding Level of Achievement

Percentage Grade Range

Achievement Level

Summary Description


Level 4

A very high to outstanding level of achievement. Achievement is above the provincial standard.


Level 3

A high level of achievement. Achievement is at the provincial standard.


Level 2

A moderate level of achievement. Achievement is below, but approaching, the provincial standard.


Level 1

A passable level of achievement. Achievement is below the provincial standard.

below 50%

Level R

Insufficient achievement of curriculum expectations. A credit will not be granted.

Program Planning Considerations for Science:

Teachers planning a program in Science must take into account considerations in a number of important areas. The areas of concern to all teachers include the following:

  • Instructional Approaches
  • Health and Safety in Science
  • Program Considerations for English Language Learners
  • Environmental Education
  • Critical Thinking and Critical Literacy in Science
  • Literacy, Mathematical Literacy, and Investigation (Inquiry/Research) Skills
  • The Role of Information and Communications Technology in Science
  • Career Education

Considerations relating to the areas listed above that have particular relevance for program planning in Science.

Instructional Approaches. Students bring to the classroom a natural curiosity as well as individual interests and abilities within their diverse personal and cultural experiences. Effective instructional approaches in Science draws upon their prior knowledge, captures their interest and encourages meaningful practice especially when the student sees a connection between wheat they are learning and their real-world application. Students are provided with opportunities to learn in a variety of ways. From a solid understanding of scientific concepts, the scientific method is employed to enable the student to investigate their world. The context for all learning in Science comes from the Relating Science to Technology, Society and the Environment (STSE) expectations.

Health and Safety in Science. The Science program provides the reading and analytical skills for the student to be able to explore the variety of concepts relating to health and safety in the workplace. Teachers who provide support for students in workplace learning placements need to assess placements for safety and ensure that students can read and understand the importance of issues relating to health and safety in the workplace. Teachers must also ensure that students have the knowledge and skills for safe participation in science activities.

Program Considerations for English Language Learners. Teachers will find positive ways to incorporate the diversity among the students into the online classroom environment. This Science course can provide a wide range of options to address the needs of ESL/ELD students. ESL programs are for students born in Canada or new comers whose first language is not English. ELD programs are for newcomers whose first language is not English. Assessment and evaluation exercises will help ESL students in mastering the English language and all of its idiosyncrasies. In addition, since all occupations require employees with a wide range of English skills and abilities, many students will learn how the operation of their own physical world can contribute to their success in their social world.

Environmental Education. The increased emphasis on relating science to technology, society, and the environment (STSE) provides numerous opportunities for teachers to integrate environmental education effectively into this science course.

Critical Thinking and Critical Literacy in Science. Teachers plan science programs to promote critical thinking skills such as questioning, predicting, hypothesizing, analysing, synthesizing, examining opinions, identifying values and issues, detecting bias, and distinguishing between alternatives. As students work to achieve the STSE expectations, they are frequently asked to identify the implications of an action, activity, or process. In addition as students develop the skills of scientific investigation (inquiry/research skills), students are given the opportunity to ask appropriate questions to frame their research, interpret information, and detect bias. These learning activities would equip students with the skills to assess, analyze, and/or evaluate the impact of something on society and the environment.

Literacy, Mathematical Literacy, and Investigation (Inquiry/Research) Skills. Teachers plan science courses so that literacy, mathematical literacy, and investigation skills which are critical to students' success in all school subjects and in all areas of their lives, become integrated into the courses. To help students construct meaning from scientific texts, the science teachers model and teach the strategies that support learning to read while students are reading to learn in science. The science program builds on, reinforces, and enhances mathematical literacy. Students will also learn how to locate relevant information in a variety of print and electronic sources.

The Role of Information and Communications Technology in Science. Information technology is considered a learning tool that must be accessed by science students when the situation is appropriate. As a result, students will develop transferable skills through their experience with word processing, internet research, presentation software, and telecommunication tools, as would be expected in any environment.

Career Education. Science definitely helps prepare students for employment in a huge number of diverse areas. The skills, knowledge and creativity that students acquire through this course are essential for a wide range of careers. Being able to express oneself in a clear concise manner without ambiguity, solve problems, make connections between this Science course and the larger world, etc., would be an overall intention of this Science course, as it helps students prepare for success in their working lives.



McGraw-Hill Ryerson Chemistry 11, McGraw-Hill Ryerson © 2011.

ISBN-13: 9780070915756

Nelson Chemistry 11 University Preparation, Nelson Education Ltd. © 2011.

ISBN-13: 9780176504328

Access to a scanner or digital camera, graph paper and scientific calculator


For the virtual chemistry labs: